What is fertility?

Fertility is all about a person’s ability to have babies. In the case of humans, it means a person’s ability to become pregnant and have a healthy baby. It’s not just about females, but also about males and their ability to make a baby.

For women, fertility involves releasing an egg from the ovaries every month. If the egg meets a sperm during sex, it can lead to pregnancy. Women also have a uterus (womb) where a baby can grow.

For men, fertility means producing healthy and active sperm. Sperms are needed to fertilize an egg and start a pregnancy. The sperm are made in the testes.

Many things can affect fertility. Age, genes (inherited traits), health, and lifestyle choices can all play a role. Some medical conditions can make it harder to get pregnant or father a child. Things like stress, being overweight or underweight, smoking, drinking alcohol, or exposure to harmful substances can also impact fertility.

If someone is having trouble getting pregnant, there are medical treatments available to help. These treatments can assist in having a baby when it’s challenging to do it through sex.

It’s important for you to know about fertility because it helps you understand how your body works and the potential challenges you might face if and when you want to grow a family in the future.